Учебное пособие по устной разговорной практике английского языка




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СИБИРСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

ФИЗИЧЕСКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЫ И СПОРТА


Кафедра иностранных языков


УЧЕБНОЕ ПОСОБИЕ

ПО УСТНОЙ РАЗГОВОРНОЙ ПРАКТИКЕ

АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА


Омск 2010

Рецензенты:

зав. кафедрой иностранных языков СибГУФК,

доцент, канд. филол. наук К. Ю. Симонова;

доцент кафедры иностранных языков ОмГТУ,

канд. филол. наук Е. Н. Трифонова


Учебное пособие по устной разговорной практике английского языка / сост. И. В. Захарчева, Ю. В. Крамаренко, Н. В. Мартынович. – Омск : Изд-во СибГУФК, 2010. – 140 с.


Учебно-методическое пособие написано в соответствии с требованиями программы обучения иностранному языку в неязыковом вузе. В пособии представлены разговорные темы, которые предлагаются студентам в пределах программного материала. Тексты, изучаемые в рамках данных тем, соответствуют интересам и потребностям студентов. Предложенные в рамках каждой темы упражнения направлены на усвоение и закрепление необходимого лексического материала, что способствует расширению словарного запаса, развитию навыков устной и письменной речи студентов.

Пособие предназначено для студентов очного обучения 1 и 2 курсов физкультурных вузов.


Печатается по решению

редакционно-издательского совета университета


© ФГОУ ВПО СибГУФК, 2010

Contents


Topic 1. MY VISIT CARD ..……………………………...………………4


Topic 2. MY WORKING DAY ..…………………………………………9


Topic 3. MY FAVOURITE SPORTSMAN ..……………………………13


Topic 4. SIBERIAN STATE UNIVERSITY

OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT ……………………18


Topic 5. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. SPORT IN RUSSIA ……...25


Topic 6. OMSK IS THE CITY WHERE I STUDY …………………..41


Topic 7. GREAT BRITAIN. SPORT IN GREAT BRITAIN …….…...44


Topic 8. THE OLYMPIC GAMES ………………………………….…..99


Topic 9. SPORT AND SOCIETY ……………………………………...114


Topic 1. MY VISIT CARD


I. Write down and translate the following vocabulary notes and sentences. Learn the vocabulary notes by heart.

  1. name, second name, surname, full name

Ex.: His name is Aleksandr. His second name is Aleksandrovich. His surname is Aleksandrov. So, his full name is Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Aleksandrov.

  1. to be 18 (19, 20) years old; to be 18, 19, 20

Ex.: My sister is 19 years old. I am 18. My mother is 45 years old.

  1. to be born in

Ex.: Sam is an Englishman but he was born in Russia. I was born in London. They were born in France. Where were you born?

  1. good-looking

Ex.: Mark’s girlfriend is a very good-looking young person. Good-looking persons are usually successful.

  1. slim

Ex.: My sister always keeps to diets and goes to sport clubs, that is why she is very slim.

  1. to train

Ex.: Sportsmen must train regularly. You should train hard to have good physical fitness.

  1. to keep one’s health

Ex.: Proper meals and sport keep our health.

  1. experienced

Ex.: My aunt has worked at school during 25 years, so she is very experienced in pedagogy.

  1. to be two/four years older/younger than

Ex.: Ann is four years older than my brother. Sam is two years younger than Mark.

  1. to be the first/second/third/fourth/fifth year student

Ex.: This young man is the second year student of the Siberian State University of Physical Culture and Sport. She is the third year student of the Medical Academy.

  1. to have much in common

Ex.: My sister and me have much in common.

  1. to decide

Ex.: She decided not to come to his birthday. When will you decide what to do?

  1. to enter

Ex.: Frank entered the Classical University last year. I am going to enter the Siberian State University of Physical Culture and Sport this year.

  1. to graduate from

Ex.: She graduated from the Technical University last year. Next year my best friend will graduate from the Medical Academy.

  1. merited

Ex.: John’s brother is a merited artist of Russia. I would like to become a merited master of sports.

  1. to go in for sport/to do sport(s)/to take up sport

Ex.: Many people nowadays go in for sport. It is popular to do sport. What kind of sport do you take up? I take up gymnastics.

  1. application

Ex.: People usually write an application when they want to leave their work.

  1. entrance examinations

Ex.: My entrance examinations were difficult enough.

  1. to admit

Ex.: He says he admits my work. I don’t admit call.

  1. coach (trainer)

Ex.: A coach plays a very important role in a sportsman’s career.

  1. competition

Ex.: Shooting competition will take place in the middle of July.

  1. to take part in

Ex.: Mike often takes part in different conferences.

  1. higher education

Ex.: You need a higher education for finding good and well-paid work today.


II. Fill in the gaps choosing the words from the following list:

1) entered, 2) have much in common, 3) boast, 4) admitted, 5) couch, 6) name, 7) boast, 8) higher education, 9) graduated from, 10) decided, 11) good-looking, 12) entrance exams, 13) experienced, 14) was born, 15) trains, 16) application, 17) competition, 18) slim.

1. He says that his … is Mark. 2. Everybody likes her, she is a very kind and … person. 3. Sam … the University with honour. 4. Although they are brothers, they don’t … 5. Kate … the Service Institute last year. 6. I need an … person for such a kind of work. 7. … means to be healthy and strong. 8. Some small children like to … 9. My elder brother is a sportsman, so he … every day. 10. They say that there are almost no … people in America nowadays. 11. I wrote an … before entering the University. 12. Most of the sportsmen can’t train without a … 13. At present time … is very prestigious. 14. Swimming … will take place in the middle of July. 15. Jane says that her … were rather difficult. 16. I … not to discuss this question again. 17. George … in New York. 18. The jury … the last effort of the athlete.


III. Read and translate the text.


My visit card

My name is Ivan. My second name is Ivanovich. My surname is Ivanov. So, my full name is Ivan Ivanovich Ivanov. I am 17 years old. I was born in 1991, in the Russian city of Omsk. My family is rather small. I have a mother, a father and a sister. My mother is a teacher of biology. She works at a college. She likes her profession very much. She is a good-looking, slim woman with brown hair and green eyes. When my mother has free time she goes to sport club to train herself. She says that sport keeps our health.

My father is a computer programmer. He is very talented and experienced in this field. He is a broad-shouldered tall man with dark hair and blue eyes. His hobby is playing guitar. My sister is two years older than me. She is a third-year student of the Medical Academy. She dreams to become a children’s doctor. She is very interested in learning foreign languages. At present time she is learning French and Italian. She says they have much in common.

I started school at the age of 6 and I finished it at the age of 17. After finishing school I decided to enter the Siberian State University of Physical Culture and Sport. My choice is not sudden: I have always wanted to study here. My uncle is a merited master of sports. He graduated from this university with honour. His specialization is swimming.

I began to go in for sport early. During all my childhood I attended swimming pool where I trained hard. Besides, my uncle taught me to train properly. Now, I don’t mean to boast, I am a very good swimmer. I am a candidate to the master of sports. Before entering the Siberian State University of Physical Culture and Sport I wrote an application. Then I had to pass my entrance examinations and then I was admitted! Now I am a first year student and my specialization is swimming. After graduating from the university I would like to become a very good coach. I am planning to do sport all my future life and I wish my children to take it up. I have already taken part in a lot of swimming competitions where I took the first, second and third places. Now my aim is to get higher education and to become a good specialist in my field.


IV. Answer the following questions.

  1. What is the name of the speaker?

  2. How old is he?

  3. When and where was he born?

  4. Is his family small?

  5. Who lives with Ivan?

  6. What is his mother’s profession? Does she like it?

  7. Can you describe the appearance of Ivan’s mother?

  8. What does his mother do when she has free time?

  9. What does she think about sport?

  10. What is Ivan’s father profession?

  11. Can you describe the appearance of Ivan’s father?

  12. What is his hobby?

  13. Is Ivan’s sister younger than he?

  14. Is she a student? Where does she study?

  15. Who would she like to be?

  16. What is she interested in?

  17. What languages does she study?

  18. What did Ivan decide to do after school?

  19. What is Ivan’s uncle?

  20. What did Ivan do during his childhood?

  21. Is Ivan’s uncle a good coach for him?

  22. What did Ivan do before entering the University?

  23. What is his specialization?

  24. Who would he like to be?

  25. What is Ivan’s aim?


V. Now answer these questions to be ready to speak about your visit card.

  1. What is your name?

  2. How old are you?

  3. When and where were you born?

  4. Where do you live?

  5. Do you have a family? (Enumerate the members of your family).

  6. What do you do?

  7. Do you have a hobby?

  8. Do you have a lot of friends?

  9. What do you like to do when you have free time?

  10. Do you have a dream? What is it?


VI. Add some more information to the answers to the questions above. Be ready to speak about your visit card.


Topic 2. MY WORKING DAY


I. Look through the list of vocabulary notes and try to match them with the words and phrases given in Russian.

1) working day, 2) alarm-clock, 3) wake up, 4) early bird, 5) night owl, 6) get up, 7) stay in bed, 8) make one’s bed, 9) switch on, 10) do one’s morning exercises (do one’s daily dozen), 11) feel better, 12) take a shower, 13) clean one’s teeth, 14) comb one’s hair, 15) have breakfast, 16) get dressed, 17) leave, 18) live far from, 19) break, 20) lunch-time, 21) canteen, 22) get tired, 23) have a rest, 24) combine, 25) spend one’s free time, 26) well-bred, 27) support, 28) value, 29) go to bed, 30) fall asleep.

1) просыпаться, 2) принимать душ, 3) выходить/покидать, 4) обеденный перерыв, 5) ложиться спать, 6) рабочий день, 7) сова, 8) одеваться, 9) вставать, 10) завтракать, 11) столовая, 12) совмещать, 13) засыпать, 14) проводить свободное время, 15) будильник, 16) лежать в кровати, 17) выполнять утреннюю зарядку, 18) жаворонок, 19) чистить зубы, 20) заправлять постель, 21) чувствовать себя лучше, 22) воспитанный, 23) включать, 24) ценить, 25) уставать, 26) поддерживать, 27) перемена, 28) отдыхать, 29) жить далеко от, 30) расчесываться.


II. Fill in the gaps with the necessary vocabulary notes:

1) support, 2) an early bird, 3) get up, 4) leave, 5) comb her hair, 6) gets tired, 7) value, 8) alarm-clock, 9) make her bed, 10) don’t have breakfast, 11) combine, 12) live far from, 13) canteen, 14) feel better, 15) lunch-time, 16) well-bred.

1. I am …, so I easily … in the mornings. 2. As I … my university I get there by bus or taxi. 3. Jason … after his trainings. 4. We … home at about 8 o’clock in the morning. 5. Mary is too small to … herself. 6. Some people … in the morning at all. 7. I can get up without my … 8. After taking a cold shower I … 9. It is very difficult for Lora to …: it is too long. 10. I … my friendship with my best friend. 11. This man is very tactful and … Everybody respects him. 12. The food in our … is not very expensive and quite good. 13. A true friend will always … you when you have some trouble. 14. It is rather difficult to … both work and study. 15. My … usually lasts for 30 minutes.


III. Read and translate the following text.


My working day

On Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday my alarm-clock wakes me up early in the morning (at 7 o’clock) and my working day begins. I am not an early bird, I would rather say that I am a night owl that is why it is very difficult for me to get up. So I stay in bed for 10 or 15 minutes more, get up, make my bed, switch on the radio and do my morning exercises. I feel much better after my daily dozen. Then I go to the bathroom, take a cold shower, clean my teeth, comb my hair and go to the kitchen to have my breakfast. Usually I make breakfast myself. I don’t eat much in the morning. For breakfast I usually have a cup of strong coffee and a sandwich. Then I get dressed and leave my house.

I study in the Siberian State University of Physical Culture and Sport. I am a first year student and my specialization is gymnastics. As I live far from my university I usually get there by bus or taxi (if I am very late). It takes me about 30 or 40 minutes. Our lessons begin at 9 o’clock. During our lessons we sometimes have a short 5-minutes break. Frankly speaking, it helps us to relax. At about 12 o’clock we have lunch-time. There is a big nice canteen in our university where most of our students and teachers have lunch. After lunch our lessons go on again. Sometimes we have 4 or 5 lessons a day. We usually have lectures, seminars and physical training lessons, of course.

After my study I usually get very tired. I come home at about 6 or 7 o’clock in the evening and have supper. Then I have a short rest and do my homework. As I go in for gymnastics professionally, I train 5 times a week: on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday. Sometimes it is very difficult for me to combine my study with my trainings, but I have to: sport is my life.

I usually have free time on Saturday evening and Sunday. I have a lot of friends and I try to spend my free time with them. My friends are well-bred and friendly, ready to help and support in a difficult situation so I value them all.

I usually go to bed at 11 o’clock in the evening. I fall asleep very fast and so my working day is over.

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