1. англо говорящие страны ситуационная задача 1




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I. ВВОДНО - КОРРЕКТИВНЫЙ КУРС

1. АНГЛО - ГОВОРЯЩИЕ СТРАНЫ

Ситуационная задача 1

Your task is to write a letter to your new friend about your impressions of London. For extra work you should add information which hasn’t been mentioned.

Example:




Ситуационная задача 2

ONE DAY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH II

Look! Here’s a schedule of the Queen. But everything is mixed here. Your task is to make a correct schedule.

7am
8am
1pm
2pm
4pm
7pm
8pm
10p
11p

to watch TV news, to phone to some members of the Royal Family.
to get up, have a cup of tea.
to listen to the BBC news, have breakfast.
to leave the Palace to open a new hospital.
to have lunch with Prince Philip.
to go to St. James Palace for a party.
to go to bed.
to work in her office.
to have dinner.


Ключ:

Ситуационная задача 2

7 am to get up, have a cup of tea.

8 am to listen to the BBC news, have breakfast.

1 pm to have lunch with Prince Philip

2 pm to leave the Palace to open a new hospital.

4 pm to work in her office.

7 pm to have dinner.

8 pm to go to St. James Palace for a party.

10 pm to watch TV news, to phone to some members of the Royal Family.

11 pm to go to bed.


2. ПРОФЕССИЯ ПРОВИЗОРА


Ситуационная задача 1

В фармации жидкую лекарственную форму называют раствором и различают четыре типа растворов (Fine-dispersed systems or colloidal solution, True solution, Emulsions, Coarsely- dispersed systems or suspension ) выберите и приведите примеры из списка, какую жидкость к какому раствору можно отнести.


(oil or benzine with water / milk / (droplets of fat distributed in water) / cream / lotion / ointment / mayonnaise / syrup (water and sugar) / brine (sodium chloride in water) / saline (sterilized specific concentration of sodium chloride in water) / albumen and starch in water / kissel / (blood) plasma / a solution of gelatin (3%) in water / meat-jelly / cement solution / slush / mud / a mixture of clay with water / pastes for scrubing dishes and baths)

True solution _________________________________________________________

Fine-dispersed systems or colloidal solution _______________________________

Coarsely- dispersed systems or suspension ________________________________

Emulsions ____________________________________________________________


Ситуационная задача 2

В фармации жидкую лекарственную форму называют раствором и различают четыре типа растворов (Fine-dispersed systems or colloidal solution, True solution, Emulsions, Coarsely- dispersed systems or suspension), согласно следующим определениям обозначьте тип раствора.


____________ solution – a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules or atoms of the substances are completely dispersed. The particles of solute are the size of individual small molecules. One nanometer is about the maximum diameter for a solute particle. This solution is transparent. Separate particles are not found out even by means of ultramicroscope. The true solution passes through the filter. It does not precipitate

______________ solution – a heterogeneous mixture of substances in which one substance is completely mixed with another but not dissolved. The sizes of the particles in these solutions make from 1 up to 100 nanometers and even more. It is transparent. Separate particles are found out only by means of ultramicroscope. These solutions are filtered through paper filters with very small pores (parchment). It precipitates hardly.


______________ solution – a heterogeneous liquid mixture consisting of very small pieces of solid material that are contained in the liquid but have not combined with it. The sizes of the particles in the solution are more than 100 nanometers. It is muddy. Particles are visible to the naked eye. It precipitates easily, sometimes within several minutes. Suspensions don’t pass through the usual filters for example a filtering paper.


______________ solution - a mixture of liquids that do not completely combine, such as an oil-in-water emulsion. The sizes of the particles in colloidal solution are more than 100 nanometers. It is muddy. Single drops are visible to the naked eye. It precipitates easily, sometimes within several minutes.


Ситуационная задача 3

Сопоставьте должность провизора, с выполняемыми обязанностями.

Скажите, какие из представленных ниже обязанностей должен или не должен выполнять провизор. Используйте модальные глаголы (must, mustn’t/have to, don’t have to, should, shouldn’t, ought to, need).


Pharmacist-technologist


Pharmacist-technician


Clinical pharmacist


Pharmacologist


Pharmacist-pharmacognost


Pharmacist-analyst


Pharmacist-manager

coordination and realization of various kinds of marketing activity;

to negotiate with doctors;

to control recipes;

to make preparation of medicines, concentrated solutions, observing all the rules of preparation technology and technological methods;

to use technology equipment and mechanization;

to observe the requirements of sanitary regime, a pharmaceutical order, rules and safety regulations;

to print stickers with the names of drugs;

to place pharmaceutical products, clean and sterilize instruments;

to work with documents; with the insurance companies; inventory of the goods;

to confirm the prescription of medicine indicated by doctors;

to study the patient’s case report with the purpose and do not allow negative consequences which can come as a result of interaction of medicines;

to carry out drug development and creation of rational medicinal forms (a tablet, a capsule, aerosols, solutions etc.) providing the maximum bioavailability of an active component to an organism;

to work under the pharmacist’s supervision in the drug store, hospitals or clinics;

to put a drug on prescription, to carry out supervision for pharmacist – technicians and assistants;

to carry out the pharmacological control and researches in the manufacture of medicines, vitamins and other medical preparations;

to investigate and test drugs on experimental animals;

to study domestic both foreign scientific and technical achievements and an advanced experience in the field of the pharmacological control;

to study herbs, bioactive connections in their composition;

to control over work of chemist's warehouses;

to prepare of vegetative medical products, and also resources of vegetative medicinal raw materials;

to maintain quality audit of medications in the process of their production and storage;

to be responsible for the quality of performed work;

to investigate medicines effect (medicinal substances) on an organism;

to solve a questions of standardization and certification of medicinal preparations;

handling of applications,

registration of returns and claims from clients;

accounting;

tracing of the forged and defective medicines;

organization of advancement production and performance of the sales’ plan;

selection, training, motivation, the organization and the control of work of a command;

planning of sales, the market analysis;

maintenance and development of contacts to key clients, distributors;

to prepare drugs according to the doctor’s prescription


Ключи:

Ситуационная задача 1

1. Examples of true solutions : syrup (water and sugar), brine (sodium chloride in water), saline (sterilized specific concentration of sodium chloride in water).

2. Examples of colloidal solutions: albumen and starch in water, kissel, (blood) plasma, a solution of gelatin (3%) in water, meat-jelly

3. Examples of suspensions: cement solution, slush/mud, a mixture of clay with water, pastes for scrubing dishes and baths.

4. Examples of emulsion: oil or benzine with water, milk, (droplets of fat distributed in water), cream, lotion, and ointment, mayonnaise.


Ситуационная задача 2

True solution

Fine-dispersed systems or colloidal solution

Coarsely- dispersed systems or suspension

Emulsions


Ситуационная задача 3

Pharmacist-technologist

4. to make preparation of medicines, concentrated solutions, intrachemist's blanks, observing all the rules of preparation technology and technological methods.

12. to carry out drug development and creation of rational medicinal forms (a tablet, a capsule, aerosols, solutions etc.) providing the maximum bioavailability of an active component to an organism.

5. to use technology equipment and mechanization.

22. to be responsible for the quality of performed work.

6. to observe the requirements of sanitary regime, a pharmaceutical order, rules and safety regulations.

The pharmacist-technician

13. to work under the pharmacist’s supervision in the drug store, hospitals or clinics.

33. to prepare drugs according to the doctor’s prescription

7. to print stickers with the names of drugs

8. to place pharmaceutical products, clean and sterilize instruments

9.to work with documents; with the insurance companies; inventory of the goods;

2. to negotiate with doctors

Clinical pharmacist

3. to control recipes;

10. to confirm the prescription of medicine indicated by doctors;

11. to study the patient’s case report with the purpose and do not allow negative consequences which can come as a result of interaction of medicines;

14. to put a drug on prescription, to carry out supervision for pharmacist – technicians and assistants.

Pharmacologist

15. to carry out the pharmacological control and researches in the manufacture of medicines, vitamins and other medical preparations.

23. to investigate medicines effect (medicinal substances) on an organism.

16. to investigate and test drugs on experimental animals.

17. to study domestic both foreign scientific and technical achievements and an advanced experience in the field of the pharmacological control.

Pharmacist-pharmacognost

18. to study herbs, bioactive connections in their composition

20. to prepare of vegetative medical products, and also resources of vegetative medicinal raw materials.

Pharmacist-analyst

21. to maintain quality audit of medications in the process of their production and storage

24. to solve a question of standardization and certification of medicinal preparations

Pharmacist-manager

25. handling of applications,

26. registration of returns and claims from clients.

19. to control over work of chemist's warehouses,

28. tracing of the forged and defective medicines.

29. organization of advancement production and performance of the sales’ plan;

30. selection, training, motivation, the organization and the control of work of a command;

31. planning of sales, the market analysis;

32. maintenance and development of contacts to key clients, distributors;

1. coordination and realisation of various kinds of marketing activity

27. accounting.


II. ОСНОВЫ МЕДИЦИНЫ: обучение чтению и переводу специальной литературы


1. Медицина и здоровье


Ситуационная задача 1

Вам предлагается примерная ситуация, в которой используется выражение HURT ONESELF. Внимательно прочитайте и выполните следующие задания:


Mrs. Mavis went to the shops yesterday. The pavement was very icy and she slipped. The fall was very painful. She can still feel it. SHE HURT HERSELF.

Ask where she went.

Tell me about the pavement.

Was the fall painful?

What did she do to herself?

А теперь дополните следующие ситуации, ответив на предложенные вопросы:

Mrs. Mavis told you she slipped and fell yesterday. What did you ask her?

You slipped and fell yesterday, but it was not painful. Later your friend asked you if you were all right. What did you say?

You see a child playing with a dangerous toy. You think you know what is going to happen. What do you say about the child?

And what do you say directly to the child?


Ситуационная задача 2


Прочитайте предложенные ситуации, обращая внимание на использование определенного артикля со словом HOSPITAL. Ответьте на вопросы:

Jane became very ill at the office yesterday. The manager could see it was something very serious, so he immediately phoned for an ambulance. It came within minutes. IT TOOK HER TO HOSPITAL. SHE’S IN HOSPITAL NOW.

What happened to Jane at the office yesterday?

What did the manager do?

What happened then?

Where is she now?


Richard is a good friend of Jane’s. He is very worried about her. He is going to see her this evening. HE’S GOING TO THE HOSPITAL THIS EVENING.



What is Richard going to do this evening?

Where exactly is he going?

Дополните следующие ситуации, ответив на предложенные вопросы:

Bert had a bad accident a few days ago. He lost a lot of blood. Where is he now? What did the ambulance do? His girl-friend comes to see him every day. Where does she come?

Nora Hanley is in an ambulance now. (She is going to have a baby). Where is she going? Her husband is going to see her there. Where is he going?

Peter’s wife is ill and he is visiting her now. Where is he? Where is she?

Jane had a serious operation but she is much better now and is leaving today. What is she leaving?

Doctor Kidd is going home now. What is he leaving?

There is something wrong with a machine in the operating-theatre and the manufacturer is sending an electrician. Where are they sending him? What does the electrician say to his wife?


Ситуационная задача 3

Составьте короткие ситуации по образцу, указав, чем болен каждый пациент, и каким лекарством его лечат:

1. Mr. Gupta abdominal pain painkiller

Mr. Gupta has abdominal pain. He is being treated with a painkiller.

2. Mr. Gill respiratory tract infection antibiotic

3. Mr. Sawyer constipation laxative

4. Mr. Thomas skin infection antibiotic

5. Mr. Cheong allergy antihistamine

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