Программа «Лингвострановедение первого иностранного языка» предназначена для студентов 3 и 4 курса по профилю подготовки «Теория и методика преподавания иностранных языков и культур»




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НазваниеПрограмма «Лингвострановедение первого иностранного языка» предназначена для студентов 3 и 4 курса по профилю подготовки «Теория и методика преподавания иностранных языков и культур»
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Тематика рефератов, заданий для самоконтроля.


  1. The Geography of Great Britain

  2. Romans in Britain

  3. England as a part of a Scandinavian Empire

  4. The history of religious on the British Isles up to the final conversion to Christianity.

  5. The Constitution of GB: The system of Government; The Crown and its functions.

  6. Political system: the Cabinet. Parliament. Political parties.

  7. Business & Economy: Economic problems &. Challenges in GB and USA.

  8. Education. Young People. Youth subculture. (GB, USA)

  9. Media: Newspapers, Radio, TV and their role in politics (GB, USA)

  10. American Constitution as the oldest written constitution in force.

  11. Federalism as the main political principle of the US.

  12. Presidentship in the US. Checks and balances.

  13. Citizenship. Effective citizen (USA).

  14. Problems of immigration (GB, USA).

  15. Ancient Britain.

  16. Saxons.

  17. Conquest from Scandinavia: Vikings. Alfred the Great. The Danelaw.

  18. Edward the Confessor and Harold, earl of Wessex.

  19. Norman conquest and its implications. The language gap.

  20. Britain in early Middle ages.

  21. Britain in early Middle Ages.

  22. The Wars of the Roses (1455 – 1485).

  23. The Tudor reign.

  24. The Puritan Ideology of the 17th century and James I. The Gunpowder Plot.

  25. Queen Victoria.

  26. Great Britain in the 20th century: World War II. The End of the British Empire.

  27. First Colonies in North America.

  28. The War for Independence.

  29. A Planned City: Washington D.C.

  30. The Nineteenth Century: New Trials.

  31. The Growth of the American Empire.

  32. Colonial Economy in the XIX century.



Задания и вопросы для самостоятельной работы


  1. Name the invaders who came to the British Isles before the Norman Conquest.

  2. Who were the Druids?

  3. What is Hadrian's Wall?

  4. What do the words "Danelaw" and "Danegeld" stand for?

  5. What do you know about the battle of Hastings?

  6. Trace the history of religious on the British Isles up to the final conversion to Christianity.

  7. What changes did the Romans bring to Britain?

  8. When was England part of a Scandinavian Empire? The Angevin Empire?

  9. Comment on the origin of names like Gloucester, Worcester, Essex, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday.

  10. Which languages of Britain are of Celtic origin?

  11. What historical significance does the Bayeux Tapestry have?

  12. When was Westminster Abbey built? Rebuilt?

  13. In what document is the story of the Viking invasion told?

  14. What is Witenagemot?

  15. What was the capital of Anglo-Saxon and early Norman England?

  16. How was the royal household expected to be financed in the medieval times? When did this practice end?

  17. When was trial by jury introduced? How did it work?

  18. In what war was the battle of Crecy fought? What was its result?

  19. What document was signed at Runneymede? In what year? What were its provisions?

  20. What are the crusades?

  21. How and when did Parliament emerge in England?

  22. How was the feudal system organized under William the Conqueror?

  23. Why did the Hundred Years' War start? How did it end?

  24. What is the Domesday Book?

  25. What do you know about Thomas Becket?

  26. What are the royal regalia?

  27. Who is Wolsey?

  28. When and how were the feudal system and the power of the medieval nobility broken?

  29. What character in English history was called the King-maker? Why?

  30. What do you know about Thomas More?

  31. Name the main Tudor kings. What was the success of the Tudor rule based on?

  32. How did the Church of England emerge?

  33. Who is Thomas Cranmer? What is he best remembered for?

  34. Who is William Cecil?

  35. What do you know about the dissolution of monasteries?

  36. How did the interior of and service in the English church change as a result of the establishment of the Church of England?

  37. What character in English history is called "Bloody Mary"? Why?

  38. In what document is the doctrine of the Anglican Church contained? When was the final version of it adopted? How did the doctrine develop from Henry VIII to Elizabeth?

  39. What does Elizabethan religious settlement imply?

  40. In what war was the battle of Naseby fought?

  41. What do you know about Guy Fawkes?

  42. What event is commonly referred to as Regicide? How popular and lawful was it?

  43. Under what circumstances was it possible for English kings to rule without Parliament? What kings did it? When was this finally stopped?

  44. What events took place in England between 1642 and 1649?

  45. What period is called the Personal Rule? How did it end?

  46. Who are Cavaliers and Roundheads?

  47. What do you know about Inigo Jones?

  48. Why are the events of 1642 - 1649 sometimes referred to as the Puritan revolution? What were its results?

  49. What period in English history do we call the Protectorate?

  50. When and between what countries was the War for the Spanish Succession fought? What were its results?

  51. Why are the events of 1689 called either the Glorious or the Unexpected revolution? What were the consequences?

  52. What does the term "Restoration" stand for?

  53. What role did the Duke and Duchess of Marlborough play in English history?

  54. Who are the Dissenters?

  55. When did the party system emerge? What were the first parties, how did the system change with years?

  56. When did the King become king-in-Parliament? What did it mean?

  57. When was the Civil List first introduced?

  58. Who are the Hanovers?

  59. How and when did the office of the Prime Minister originate? What did the office imply? Who was the first PM?

  60. What were the main periods of the reign of George III?

  61. Who are the Black Prince, Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Prince of Wales?

  62. What period is called "the rule of the elite"? How did the political system work? When and why did it end?

  63. What event is called "the Boston Tea Party"?

  64. What period is referred to as Regency? Why was it necessary?

  65. When was the first British Empire created? When did it end?

  66. Who is William Pitt the Younger? What role did he play?

  67. Who were the heroes of the wars against Napoleon?

  68. How did the expression "to meet one's Waterloo" originate?

  69. What is the Great Reform Bill? Why was it necessary and what were its main provisions?

  70. What was the role of Prince Albert in British history?

  71. What were the two main parties in the Victorian age and who were their most prominent leaders?

  72. When did government social policy originate? What areas did it cover?

  73. What is the Boer War?

  74. What period do we call Edwardian? What were its distinctive features?

  75. What do you know about the People's Budget?

  76. What were the effects of WWI on British society?

  77. When did government economic policy begin?

  78. When did the Labour party emerge? How did it later change the party system?

  79. What were the main effects of WWII?

  80. What role did Mrs. Simpson, a divorced American, play in English history?

  81. What is a Welfare state? When was it created? What does the term "Welfare" mean today?

  82. What is meant by the "era of consensus"?

  83. What is Affluent Society?

  84. What events are sometimes referred to as "The Winter of Discontent"?

  85. What events are called "The Battle of Britain"?

  86. Why was Thatcher's period in office called a revolution? What did she mean when she proclaimed a return to Victorian values?

  87. In what periods of American history did the three principal waves of immigration take place?

  88. What was the role the late arrivals played in the settlement of the Great Plains?

  89. What were the climatic conditions the people had to face? How did it actually affect their daily lives?

  90. What animals roamed the vast territories of the Great Plains? What was their fate?

  91. Did the gold and silver seekers play any positive role in the process of settling the West?

  92. How was the cattle range industry started?

  93. What were the key occupations of the settlers in the West?

  94. How did the English at first see the possible use of the New World?

  95. What are the two major aspects of the first period of the English colonization of North America?

  96. Why were some immigrants indentured for a term of service?

  97. What were the underlying reasons for Americans' discontent with the British policies?

  98. Why were the Indians angiy with the British?

  99. What formed the base for the liberation movement?

  100. How did the women behave and what was the purpose of such behavior?

  101. How are the two events — the tea tax levied by the British government and the Boston "Tea Party" —connected?

  102. Why were the British unsuccessful in applying military tactics that had been used in Europe when they tried them in America?

  103. What liberties were the colonies granted by the treaty of 1783?

  104. Why did the abolition issue become particularly stressful in the 1850s?

  105. How did the southerners regard slavery?

  106. What is meant by "paternalistic ideology"?

  107. What was the slaves' reaction to the conditions in which they lived in the South?

  108. Why didn't the northerners take seriously the threat of secession by the southerners?

  109. How did the secession process develop?

  110. What was the impact of the war on the southern economy?

  111. What did the "twenty nigger law" stipulate?

  112. Wiry did the common people in the South resent the Confederate policies?

  113. What acts did Congress pass with regard to the secessionists?

  114. What role did the Blacks play in the War?

  115. Why did Reconstruction fail?

  116. What were the activities of the KKK?

  117. What document is the operation of the US government based on?

  118. How are the powers of government distributed between the federal

  119. government and the state governments?

  120. What are the three branches of the national government?

  121. What is the system of "checks and balances"? How is it exercised?

  122. In what way does the legislature exercise a check on the executive

  123. branch?

  124. What limits the powers of the national and state governments?

  125. What is known as the Bill of Rights?

  126. What is the procedure for introducing an amendment to the Consti-

  127. tution?

  128. What are the duties of the president?

  129. What is the "impeachment procedure"?

  130. How can the work of the executive branch of the federal government be described?

  131. What are the functions of the Senate and the House of Representatives?

  132. How is the procedure of passing a law organized?

  133. Under what circumstances does a bill become law?

  134. How does the Supreme Couit function?

  135. What is»"judicial review"?

  136. What crimes are called "civil"?

  137. What is the structure of the state government?

  138. Why are there sometimes insignificant differences in the views of some Republicans and Democrats?

  139. Why do some politicians find the absence of sharp differences in the views of Republicans and Democrats advantageous?

  140. Do third parties exist in the United States?

  141. What kind of organization do the two leading US parties have?

  142. Does the party affiliation of a candidate always determine people's support of him?

  143. Why do some people split their vote?

  144. What is the main function of the national parties' committees?

  145. What is the procedure for electing delegates to national conventions?

  146. How can the atmosphere of a national convention be described?

  147. Why is a platform plank sometimes excluded?

  148. How many votes should a party's presidential candidate receive at a convention?

  149. What kinds of propaganda material are usually distributed in the election campaign?

  150. How are the electors to the Electoral College chosen?

  151. What is the function of the Electoral College?

  152. What is an "interest group"?

  153. How is the existence of lobbying officially justified?

  154. What means of communication make up the media?

  155. What is the possible outcome of inaccurate reporting?

  156. Who takes up a legal action if there is an obvious case of libel in some information?

  157. Why is the government entitled to regulate radio and TV commu­nication?

  158. Under what circumstances are parts of the media bound to allow equal time to contesting parties?

  159. How do parts of the media gain from advertising?

  160. What makes up the general contents of a daily newspaper?

  161. What are the functions and specifics of headlines?

  162. Why are comic strips so popular with readers?

  163. What are tabloid newspaper's characterized by?

  164. Why are purchases of TV and radio stations by newspapers or other broadcasting stations restricted?

  165. How have attitudes of advertisers to selecting advertising time on TV changed?

  166. Why are the press and broadcasting criticized?

  167. Why have many people transferred to public non-commercial stations?


6.1. Методические рекомендации по организации самостоятельной работы студентов


Самостоятельная работа студентов


Самостоятельная работа студентов при изучении курса «Лингвострановедение первого иностранного языка» предполагает, в первую очередь, работу с основной и дополнительной литературой, а также работу с текстами первоисточников. Результатами этой работы становятся выступления на семинарских занятиях, участие в обсуждении тем курса, подготовка докладов, выполнение письменных работ, а именно, контрольных работ, рефератов.


6.2. Методические рекомендации по написанию рефератов.

Реферат – это краткое изложение в письменном виде содержания книги, научной работы, результатов изучения научной проблемы.

Цель написания реферата – осмысленное систематическое изложение крупной научной проблемы, темы, приобретение навыка «сжатия» информации, выделения в теме главного, а также освоение приемов работы с научной и учебной литературой, приобретение практики правильного оформления текстов научно-информационного характера.

Рекомендуемый объем реферата – 8-10 страниц (без библиографического списка литературы).

В структуре реферата должны быть представлены: титульный лист, оглавление, введение с указанием цели и задач работы, реферативный раздел с обязательной рубрикацией, заключение и выводы, список литературы.

Следует обратить внимание на правильное оформление текста реферата, ссылок, цитат, списка литературы, который должен быть оформлен по ГОСТу.

Студент может выбрать один из двух возможных вариантов подготовки реферата. Первый вариант предполагает реферирование одной из предложенных ниже монографий. Второй вариант предполагает подготовку теоретического обзора по одной из предложенных ниже тем.

Реферат должен быть представлен в сроки, предусмотренные учебным графиком.

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